Small glossary about networking

  • DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network management protocol used on TCP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.
  • DNS (Domain Name System) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network. In other words, it is a system that transforms domain names into IP addresses.
  • DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) is a family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data over telephone lines.
  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is the standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems, being the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web.
  • IP (Internet Protocol) is a protocol that provides a data transmission service without permanent connection
  • NAT (Network Address Translation) is a process by which IP packet header is changed to make the source or destination IP address in another.
  • SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is an Internet standard for e-mail transmission.
  • VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.